All policies, affairs, business of NESAC are decided by the NESAC Society. Chairman, NEC presides over the NESAC Society and the Secretary, DOS/Chairman ISRO is the Vice President.
Other members of the Society are – Secretary, NEC; Chief Secretaries of the eight NER states, senior scientists from DOS and NEC and academia of NER. A Governing Council (GC), under advice of the Society, manages the activities of the Society/Centre. Secretary, DOS is the chairman of the GC, and Secretary, NEC is the Alternate Chairman. Chief Secretary, Meghalaya; representatives of the governments of NER States and representatives of central government agencies in the region are the other members of the GC.